|This Optoelectronics (OE) chapter covers data transmission utilizing optical technology over telecommunication distances of hundreds of kilometers down to on-chip distances of a few millimeters. As data rates rise in all of these applications, optical technology continues to displace copper for data transmission over shorter distances. The higher the data rate required, the shorter the distance over which optical methods become superior.
A key driver of the demand for data transmission capacity is the Internet, where traffic is growing ~50% per year, and this increasing demand is fueled primarily by significant growth in video traffic.
This chapter divides optical data transmission into nine applications:
• FTTX (including CATV)
• Local area networks
• Plastic optical fiber (POF) (automotive)
• Active optical cables
• In-to and out-of package
This chapter extensively covers current trends and challenges facing the industry. Included in the 126 pages are 25 tables and 56 figures that help the reader to better understand OE technology from both the business and technical perspectives.