|Electronic connectors are small precision-engineered de-mateable electrical contacts and housings designed to provide secure mechanical and electrical connections between printed circuits, cables and packages, and in or between electrical/electronic systems. Connector technologies support a huge variety of standard and custom designs, specifications, physical / ergonomic requirements. Connector technology has few technical barriers because of the huge variety of materials and component parts; however, achieving minimum size is one. Fiber optic connectors are used where speed and bandwidth requirements transcend Cu circuitry's limits. Where integrated circuit feature sizes are required, connections such as wire bonds or ball grid arrays are used.
This chapter provides a wealth of information about electrical connectors, providing both an excellent overview of the current situation as well as projected technology enhancements and challenges over the 10-year roadmap horizon. Many of the details are organized in 30 tables, providing an efficient way for readers to understand the information.